Being ethical and responsible when using information is something extremely important in higher education. You should always cite and reference all sources used in your assignments. This is will enable you to distinguish your own ideas from those that you have found and that were published by other people.
You never start from scratch when you write an academic or a research paper (report, dissertation, article, etc.): inspiration and some ideas always come from other works and you build upon them to create new knowledge. Whenever you do this, it is mandatory to cite and reference those sources. Check out below why:
If you don't proceed this way you might be charged of plagiarism which is a severe crime. It not only shows you don't know how to behave ethically but it means you have infringed copyright.
University of Guelph Library. 2013. "Cite Your Source: When / Why to Cite". Youtube video, 2:11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ziG9LtIjRUU.
The format of citations and bibliographic references depends upon the style you select. There are thousands of styles available to format citations and references. FEUP's Library recommends the standard style from the University of Chicago which is Chicago Style (author- date).
You can do it manually but there are specialized tools to help you which are reference managers, such as EndNote or Mendeley. These tools allow you to cite and manage your references in an effective and ethical way, ensuring that the application of a citation style in your documents happens automatically and is correctly made.
EndNote is a reference manager software, subscribed by the University of Porto. It helps you to manage your references and insert citations automatically while you are writing your text.
It is available in two versions: EndNote Desktop and EndNote Online. You can either use one or the other, or also use both in an integrated way, simply by synchronizing both versions.
To install this software, check out this link.
EndNoteTraining. 2014. "Manage your research with EndNote!". Youtube video, 2:09. https://youtu.be/3WYh8CrHhrs.
The library provides workshops on the usage of reference managers such as Endnote or Mendeley. Check out the workshops' calendar below!